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LECTURE 155 基本动词TAKE 4

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2020年06月29日

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LECTURE 155 基本动词TAKE 4

词组讲解

1. take a punch at sb. ** 挥拳打或要打某人

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:[对(at)]某人进行[攻击、拳击、殴打(punch)]

例 As Mr. An was being moved from the courthouse to the jail house, a protestor in the large crowd that had gathered outside took a punch at him, hitting him squarely on the left cheek and sending his glasses flying off his face. Police quickly arrested the man, who claimed An had done him out of $530,000.

2. take 〔have〕 a stab at sth. ** 试图做,尝试做

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:对某事做[尝试、试图(stab)]

例 Since the loss of the files came to light , several treasury officials have tried without success to convince the public that the files were inadvertently destroyed and had not fallen into the hands of criminals who might use the sensitive information they contained. Director Wallace Fingerton took a stab at it this morning in a press conference held in his offices in which he...

3. take a stand / take a stand for sth. ** 表明态度或立场(支持某事)

解 习语;词义溯源:采取某种[立场、见解、态度(stand)];take a stand against意为“反对,抵抗”

例 It is your duty as a member of this community to take a stand on this issue. I'm not saying you're obligated to support my opinions or theirs. All I'm saying is that you have to do one or the other. Remaining neutral is not an option!

4. take 〔have〕 a try 〔shot〕 at sth. ** 试图

解 习语;词义溯源:对某事进行[尝试(try, shot)];如果用shot则为口语表达

例 I'm not very good at writing poetry, but I think I'll take a shot at winning the poetry contest they're having at the Fine Arts Centre next month. They say they're not looking for style, but originality. I think I'm pretty original.

5. take a turn for the better ** 开始改善,开始好转

解 习语;词义溯源:[向好的一面(for the better)]做[改变(turn)]

例 Economic data released today by the Treasury Department indicate the economy took a turn for the better in the first quarter of the year. In releasing the figures, Treasury Secretary Boyd said the data should “do the hearts of business leaders good . ”

巩固练习

(A) take a punch at

(B) take a stab at

(C) take a stand for

(D) take a shot at

(E) taken a turn for the better

1. A: Every contestant who at least tries to climb the well-oiled rope will receive a special T-shirt that says they attempted it. Those who succeed in reaching the top will get a $500 gift certificate for Polo clothing shops. B: I don't stand a chance of succeeding, but I'll ______ it just to get the shirt!

2. A: I'll try to do it too. Let's go. B: Wait! Didn't you hear him? He said the rope is covered in oil. Don't you think before we ______ it, we'd better change into some old clothes?

3. A: Doctor, how's my son doing? Have you looked in on him this morning? B: Yes, I have, and he's ______. His vital signs—temperature, heart rate, breathing rate— everything's stronger. A: Oh, thank God, his condition is finally improving. And thank you, Doctor.

4. A: Listen, this debate has been going on for over six months and you have yet to declare what your attitude or opinions toward universal health care are and fight to defend your ideas. B: I'll ______ it when I'm ready. My opinions are still forming, but I promise you soon I will make my opinions known.

5. A: Why did you ______ Song Yong? Were you looking for trouble ? B: No ma'am. I'm not a troublemaker. He was teasing me about my dark skin. I told him it runs in my family and asked him to shut up, but he kept at it . So, I lost my temper and struck him. I'm sorry I did it.

■ ANSWER

1. (D)

2. (B)

3. (E)

4. (C)

5. (A)

参考译文

I. 1. 安先生从法院出来被送往监狱时,聚集在外面的人群中有一名抗议者挥拳打他,打中了他的左脸,把他的眼镜打飞了。警察迅速抓捕了该名抗议者,这名抗议者指控安骗走了他53万美元。

2. 自文件丢失的事被曝光以来,数名财务官员一直在努力说服公众相信这些文件在无意中被毁坏了,并且没有落入那些可能会利用其中敏感信息的犯罪分子手中,但没人相信。今天上午,华莱士·芬格顿主任在他的办公室召开新闻发布会,也试图说服公众,他说……

3. 作为这个社区的一员,你有责任对这一问题表明立场。我不是说你有义务支持我的或他们的观点,我所说的是你必须支持某一方。你不能保持中立!

4. 我不擅长写诗,但是我认为我会尝试一下,看能不能赢得下个月在美术中心举办的诗歌大赛的胜利。他们说不在意风格,在意的是原创性。我认为我有很强的原创能力。

5. 财政部今天公布的经济数据显示,经济形势在今年第一季度开始好转。财政部长博伊德在公布数据时说,这一数据“对商业领导人来说应该很有利”。

II. 1. A:每位至少尝试了攀爬浸了油的绳子的参赛者都将获得一件特制的T恤,证明他们努力了。成功爬到顶端的选手将获得保罗服装店500美元的礼券。B:我没有可能获胜,但是我将尝试一下,赢个T恤回来。

2. A:我也会试试。我们走吧。B:等一下!你没有听见他的话吗?他说绳子被浸了油。你不觉得在去之前,最好换上旧衣服吗?

3. A:医生,我儿子怎么样了?您上午看过他了吗?B:是的,我看过了。他的情况在好转。他的主要体征——体温、心率和呼吸频率都很好。A:谢天谢地,他的情况终于好转了。医生,谢谢您。

4. A:听着,这场辩论已经持续六个多月了,你还没有公布你对实施全面医疗保健的态度或观点,也没有为自己的观点辩护。B:准备好了的话我会维护自己的立场。我的观点还没有成形,但是我保证将尽快宣布。

5. A:你为什么挥拳打宋勇?你想找麻烦吗?B:不是的,夫人。我不是个找麻烦的人。是他嘲笑我皮肤黑。我告诉他这是我们家族遗传的,让他闭嘴,但他仍然说个没完。所以,我一气之下就打了他。我为此道歉。


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