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LECTURE 156 基本动词TAKE 5

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2020年06月29日

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LECTURE 156 基本动词TAKE 5

词组讲解

1. take a turn for the worse ** 开始变坏,渐渐恶化

解 习语;词义溯源:[向不好的一面(for the worse)]做[改变(turn)]

例 Just when I thought we were going to be able to get back on our feet after having paid all the hospital bills for my wife's illness, things took a turn for the worse when my daughter fell from a tree and had to receive two weeks of medical care. How am I ever going to make ends meet this time?

2. take action against sb. or sth. ** 采取措施反对

解 习语;词义溯源:对某人或某事采取[行动、措施或诉讼(action)];take action的意思是“采取行动”

例 Under orders from the president to allow their cooperation, the Justice Department has declined to take action against the two communications giants for breaking the anti-trust law which forbids price setting agreements between businesses. The president has called their action “a special case with national security implications that fall outside the law and its intended purpose. ”

3. take advantage of sb. or sth. ** 占…的便宜,欺骗;利用,从…中得到好处

解 习语;词义溯源:从某人或某事上获得[利益、好处(advantage)]

例 We've gone absolutely crazy at Big's Supermarket. We've marked all prices down 80% to celebrate our 50th anniversary as Mayfield's No. 1 supermarket. Come take advantage of our craziness while it lasts—next Monday, we'll come to our senses ! Come to Big's—where big savings are a year-around event.

4. take after sb. *** 与…相像

解 短语动词;词义溯源:以为[随、像(after)]某人

例 I'm sort of the black sheep of the family. I don't take after anybody in my family—not my father's side nor my mother's side of the family. My brother and sister tease me and say I'm a space alien brought from another planet. They're so cruel.

5. take aim at sb. or sth. / take aim ** 盯着,瞄准

解 习语;词义溯源:对某人或某事进行[针对(aim)]性的做法

例 They say that Clinton took aim at the presidency the day he met John F. Kennedy when he was part of a youth volunteer group visiting the White House. From that day, all of his efforts were directed toward that goal.

巩固练习

(A) taken a turn for the worse

(B) take action against

(C) took advantage of

(D) take after

(E) Take aim

1. A: What do you mean by saying I ______ Harry's generosity? You think I unfairly used his generosity for my own profit? How dare you! B: Oh no, I didn't mean it like that. I'm sorry—don't get the wrong idea. I meant it the other way. You know, to use something in a productive way. You used Harry's generosity to help persuade others to donate to the school—that's good. Don't get me wrong.

2. A: When the man in the control tower shouts “______!” what do you do? B: I point my weapon toward the place I want to hit, Captain, sir. B: Good. SO WHY DID YOU POINT IT AT ME, soldier?!

3. A: I'm sorry to be the one to break the news to you, Mr. President, but the situation on Helen has ______. B: How could the situation become any more unpleasant or difficult? A: The boat has sunk again. A chain on the rescue crane snapped.

4. A: Are we going to do something to stop their illegal campaigning? B: Yes, we will ______ them, but it won't be so soon. No, we'll do something to counter their actions when they're least expecting it.

5. A: Oh give me a break ! There's no way I could ______ my father. B: Yes you do. You look like your relatives—red hair, lots of freckles and green eyes run in your family . And the shape of your face—just like his. A: It's impossible! My father is actually my step-father, not my biological one!

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (E)

3. (A)

4. (B)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 正当我付清了我太太所有的住院费,认为我们能够一切重新开始时,我女儿从树上摔了下来,要治疗两周,于是经济情况再度恶化。这下我什么时候才能收支平衡啊?

2. 由于总统命令允许他们合作,司法部拒绝对两家通讯业巨头因违反反垄断法提起诉讼,而反垄断法禁止企业间签署定价协议。总统称这两家巨头的行为“超出了法律范围和预期目的,是牵扯到国家安全的特殊案例”。

3. 我们比格超市彻底疯狂了。我们把所有的价格下调80%,以庆祝梅菲尔德的顶级超市成立50周年。趁机利用我们的疯狂吧,下周一,我们将恢复理性!来比格吧——省钱才是一年中的大事。

4. 我跟家里所有的人都不同。我不像家里的任何人——既不像我父亲这边的人,也不像我母亲那边的人。我哥哥和姐姐老是捉弄我,说我是另一个星球来的外星人。他们太残忍了。

5. 人们说克林顿从作为青年志愿者团队的一员参观白宫,见到约翰·菲茨杰拉德·肯尼迪的那一天起,就以总统职位为目标。从那天起,他所做的一切都是朝着这个目标努力的。

II. 1. A:你说我趁机利用哈里的慷慨是什么意思?你认为我为了自己的利益不公正地利用了他的慷慨吗?你好大的胆子啊!B:哦,不是,我没有这个意思。对不起——别误会。我不是这个意思。你知道的,以一种有效的方式利用某种东西。你利用哈里的慷慨,帮助劝说他人为这个学校捐款——这是对的。别误会我。

2. A:当控制塔上的人喊“瞄准”时,你该怎么做?B:我应该把武器瞄准我想射击的地方,上校,长官。A:好。但是士兵,你为什么把它对准我?!

3. A:对不起,总统先生,得由我来把这一消息告诉您,海伦号的情况恶化了。B:情况怎么会越来越糟糕呢?A:船又沉了。救援吊车的锁链断了。

4. A:我们要做些什么来阻止他们进行非法活动吗?B:是的,我们将对他们提起诉讼,但是不会很快。不是,我们将在他们没有准备的情况下对抗他们的行动。

5. A:哎呀,饶了我吧!我一点也不像我的父亲。B:不,你像。你跟你所有的亲人都非常像——你们家族的人都有红头发、很多雀斑和绿眼睛。还有你的脸型——跟你父亲很像。A:不可能!事实上,我的父亲是我的继父,不是亲生父亲!


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