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LECTURE 158 基本动词TAKE 7

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2020年06月30日

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LECTURE 158 基本动词TAKE 7

词组讲解

1. take heart ** 鼓起勇气,打起精神

解 习语;词义溯源:持有[勇气、精神(heart)]

例 Oh come on, Jack. Things will get better. Take heart. Just keep your chin up and remember the old saying, “When at first you don't succeed—try, try again. ” I have faith in you—you're going to succeed someday. I know you will.

2. take heed ** 注意,慎重,提防

解 习语;词义溯源:要采取[注意、小心、留意(heed)]的态度

例 As the light airplane approached the restricted zone around the White House, CIA agents began broadcasting warnings to its pilot. The pilot failed to take heed and White House security forces were ordered to fire upon this aircraft. Moments later the craft smashed into the lawn adjacent to the presidential bedroom.

3. take 〔get〕 hold of sb. or sth. / take hold ** 抓住,控制

解 习语;词义溯源:对某人或某事行使[支配能力、掌握力(hold)]

例 In another aerial incident yesterday, the pilot of a USAir Boeing 727 en route to Boston from Dallas suffered a heart attack about 30 minutes into the flight. When the attack hit him, he involuntarily pulled back on the craft's control and the plane went into a tailspin . The co-pilot had to take hold of the control and bring the plane back to its normal flight pattern.

4. take issue with sb. / take issue ** (与某人)争论

解 习语;词义溯源:与某人做[论争(issue)]

例 Fertilizer producers have taken issue with the government's decision to liberalize the farm chemicals market earlier than required by GATT, opening it up to foreign competition in two years instead of the scheduled five.

5. take it easy on sb. or sth. ** 友善地对待,小心谨慎地对待;少用

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:[轻松、温柔、有条有理地(easy)]对待某人或某事

例 Doctors have been telling us for years to take it easy on the salt. A diet high in salt leads to high blood pressure, which can lead to heart attacks and other heart diseases. Now a researcher in Boise, Idaho has discovered...

巩固练习

(A) take heart

(B) take heed

(C) takes hold

(D) taking issue with

(E) take it easy on

1. A: Mr. Sowder, your car is ready. We've replaced the transmission gears with completely new parts. Let me give you some advice: ______ the clutch and your transmission will last longer, okay? B: Okay, I'll try to treat it gently. I surely don't want to pay for repairs again.

2. A: How's your business going these days? Any better? B: No, not really. We managed to make a $358 profit this month though. A: Well, that's something to feel encouraged about. Should give you optimism. B: Yeah, that's what my wife says. But I find it hard to ______ from it.

3. A: So anyway, to make a long story short , I disagreed with him and started arguing with him. That's when he took a punch at me. B: That man is a Neanderthal! He's goddamn cave man—physically attacking anybody who opposes him. All you did was ______ him, right?

4. A: You know it'll probably take five years before the new payment system ______. Businesses are not accustomed to it so it'll take a few years for electronic transfers to become a firmly established practice. B: Is there anything we can do to speed up the process of acceptance?

5. A: Phillips says he'll kill me if I do it. Do you think I should pay attention to him? Do you think I should consider what he said carefully and react accordingly? B: Yes, I do think you'd better ______. He certainly has the power to do it and I think he'll keep his word if you challenge him.

■ ANSWER

1. (E)

2. (A)

3. (D)

4. (C)

5. (B)

参考译文

I. 1. 哦,杰克,别这样,会好起来的。振作起来吧。别灰心,记住这句老话:“如果开始没有成功——尝试,再尝试。”我相信你——总有一天你会成功的。我知道你会成功的。

2. 当发现有小型飞机进入白宫附近的禁区时,中情局特工开始通过广播警告飞行员。飞行员没有理会警告,白宫的安保人员接到命令,向飞机射击。不一会儿,飞机猛地坠落在了总统卧室附近的草坪上。

3. 在昨天的另一起飞行事故中,一架从达拉斯飞往波士顿的美国航空公司的波音727飞机在起飞约30分钟后,其飞行员突发心脏病。当时,他无意识地拉回了飞机的操纵杆,飞机开始往下冲。副驾驶员不得不抓住操纵杆,将飞机再次拽回正常飞行模式。

4. 化肥生产商们反对政府关于在关税贸易总协定规定的时间之前开放农药市场的决定,因为他们将在两年,而不是计划的五年内面对国际竞争。

5. 很多年来,医生一直在告诉我们要少吃盐。高盐饮食导致高血压,进而引发心脏病和其他心脏疾病。现在爱达荷州博伊西城的一位调查人员已经发现……

II. 1. A:索德先生,您的车修好了。我们给您换上了全新的传动装置。我再给您一些建议:轻踩离合器,这样传动装置的寿命就会延长,好吧?B:好的,我将试着对它温柔点。我可不想再花维修费了。

2. A:最近生意怎么样?有没有好转?B:没有,没怎么好转。但是我们这个月的利润有358美元。A:很好,这会让你备受鼓舞。它应该能让你乐观起来。B:是的,我妻子也是这样说的。但是我发现我很难振作起来。

3. A:不管怎样,长话短说吧,我不同意他的观点,和他吵了起来。然后他就挥拳打了我。B:他是尼安德特人!他是个该死的穴居人——对反对他的人进行身体攻击。你只是和他争论了,对吧?

4. A:你知道,新的支付系统的普及可能需要五年的时间。企业不太习惯这一模式,所以还需要几年时间,电子汇兑才能成为一个惯例。B:我们可以做些什么,加快企业对这一过程的接受速度吗?

5. A:菲利普斯说,如果我这么做,他就杀了我。你觉得我应该在意他的话吗?我应该认真考虑他说的话,并按他说的做吗?B:是的,我确实认为你最好谨慎点。他确实有这个能力,我觉得如果你挑衅他,他就会兑现他的诺言。


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